Challenges faced in automating Web Applications using Selenium

Author: neptune | 02nd-Oct-2022
#Selenium #Testing

List of Challenges faced by testers using Selenium

1. Popup and Alert Handling

Browser level notification:

Browser level notifications include “Allow/Decline camera access,” “Allow/Decline microphone access,” etc. To handle such notifications in Chrome browser, ChromeOptions can be used. Similarly, for the Firefox browser, FirefoxOptions/ FirefoxProfile can be used.

Web-based alerts: 

Web-based alerts include “This site says….”, “Do you want to leave this site” etc. These can be handled using Selenium predefined class “Alerts,” which provide various methods like accept(), dismiss(), etc.

OS level pop-ups: 

Selenium is not capable to handle OS level pop-ups, handling OS level interactions is something that can’t be performed using Selenium. These types of pop-ups can be categorized as flash objects which can’t be accessed using Selenium locators. “Robot” class is commonly used for interaction with such pop-ups. Check here…

2.  Dynamic element Handling

Web applications developed using latest frameworks might have dynamic content that changes over time. 

For example: Amazon is an e-commerce application whose catalog changes overtime and reacts differently with different content in different regions.

Web content based on AJAX sometimes takes time to load, which most of the time leads to becomes a possible reason for test script failure. As mentioned previously, we have waits integrated with Selenium like Implicit wait and Explicit wait, which can be helpful in such cases. We can even create dynamic or custom XPath for handling dynamic web content.

3. Restricted to only Desktop Browsers Testing

We all are aware that selenium supports desktop browser testing. This is a drawback of selenium over other testing frameworks. Another framework “Appium” a.k.a cousin of selenium solve this problem. Appium is widely used framework for testing of iOS and Android mobile apps and web apps. Here the challenging part for automation testers is that they have to create different drivers and scripts for testing a single web application in the same browser of desktop and mobile to perform testing.

4. Limited Reporting

Reports is the critical challenge faced by automation testers. Mostly we use Java frameworks that provide useful reports using TestNG, Gauge. In Python we have Pytest framework to create reports.

5. Captcha or OTP Handling

As we know, Captcha and OTP values are different every time user send to validate login. Automating features like payment gateway, new account registration, etc. where Captcha and OTP is required, becomes challenging for automation testers.


In IT everyday we new challenges since the technology is growing up with high speed. Not only the Selenium-based testers are facing challenges but also the testers who are using other testing tools like QTP, Katalon, Ranorex, etc. are also facing challenges in respective projects.

Don’t forgot to check these blogs:

How to create Selenium Cucumber Project in Eclipse

Selenium, Cucumber, JUnit, TestNG dependencies

Mostly asked Cucumber interview questions 

Use of Wait commands in Selenium WebDriver?

Getting started with Selenium WebDriver

Related Blogs
Automate Ticket Booking in SpiceJet from Delhi to Bengaluru using Selenium and Cucumber.
Author: neptune | 08th-Aug-2023
We are going to automate a ticket booking using Selenium WebDriver and Cucumber BDD...

Roadmap To Become Test Automation Engineer
Author: neptune | 25th-Jun-2022
When I was starting my journey in test automation, a lot of questions comes to my mind. Such as…. “From where do I start?” “Best tools to use?” “Which Programming language?” “How to plan your work?”...

Selenium, Cucumber, JUnit, TestNG dependencies for Selenium project.
Author: neptune | 02nd-Apr-2023
#Selenium #Testing
We guide you how to update the pom.xml file for Selenium Maven project...

5 Selenium Project Ideas & for Beginners in Automation Testing
Author: neptune | 30th-Mar-2023
#Selenium #Testing #Projects
In this article, we will discuss 5 interesting Selenium project ideas for beginners in automation testing...

How to use wait commands in Selenium WebDriver in Java ?
Author: neptune | 22nd-Feb-2022
#Selenium #Testing #Java
We are going to explore different types of waits in Selenium WebDriver. Implicit wait, Explicit wait, and Fluent wait with examples...

Top 50+ Selenium Interviews Questions 2023 based on Years of Experience
Author: neptune | 02nd-Apr-2023
#Selenium #Testing #Interview
Every interview difficulty is based on how many years of experience you have in that field. For the Selenium Automation Tester I have divided the question on the number of years of experience...

Different types of software testing ?
Author: neptune | 27th-Jul-2022
#Testing #IT
Testing is the process to improve the performance of software. Examples: Unit, Integration, Regression, Smoke, Alpha, Beta, System, Stress Performance, Object-Oriented Testing etc...

Top 10 Selenium Interview Questions with answers (2021).
Author: neptune | 02nd-Apr-2023
#Selenium #Interview
In this article I will cover top 10 Selenium interview questions...

Mostly asked Cucumber interview questions in selenium automation interviews.
Author: neptune | 02nd-Apr-2023
We are going to explore widely asked Cucumber interview questions in selenium automation interviews...

How to create Selenium Cucumber Project in Eclipse.
Author: neptune | 25th-May-2022
First, divide the process into the various steps to understand working in brief of a project. Steps in brief: We’ll start with initializing the browser driver and then log in to the web page...

How to create a Selenium, Cucumber Automation project in Eclipse ?
Author: neptune | 02nd-Apr-2023
#Selenium #Testing
Problem Statement : Let’s consider this particular project where we will try automating the process of booking a flight ticket. Let’s get started and see how it’s done using Selenium...

20 TestNG Interview Questions
Author: neptune | 17th-Dec-2022
#Selenium #Interview
There is always more than one test or method in the class. If we do not prioritize these tests or methods, then the methods are selected alphabetically and executed while execution...

What is Test Plan in Testing?
Author: neptune | 30th-Oct-2022
A Test Plan Document mentions in detail the objective of testing along with other core information like the internal beta team, target market, hardware and resource requirements, etc...

Getting started with Selenium WebDriver.
Author: neptune | 02nd-Apr-2023
#Selenium #Testing
In this blog I will give you an overview of Selenium WebDriver and Also discuss about advantages and disadvantages of Selenium WebDriver...

Why we use Robot Class in Automation Testing?
Author: neptune | 23rd-Aug-2022
Robot class is used to generate native system input events for the purpose of automation testing. It is used to perform mouse and keyboard events on windows applications or popups...

Top 10 Selenium Interview Questions.
Author: neptune | 02nd-Apr-2023
#Selenium #Interview
Locator is a command that tells Selenium IDE which GUI elements (like Text Box, Buttons, Check Boxes etc) we are going to use or perform some automation task...

How to send POST request using Rest Assured framework in Java ?
Author: neptune | 26th-Mar-2023
#Selenium #API
Rest Assured is a popular Java-based framework that is used for testing RESTful web services. It provides a simple and intuitive API for sending HTTP requests and validating the responses...

5 Best Python Testing Frameworks.
Author: neptune | 12th-Apr-2023
#Python #Testing
Python offers various testing frameworks, including Pytest, unittest, Nose, Robot Framework, and Behave, to build robust and reliable software...

How DAST Testing Enhances Web Application Security?
Author: neptune | 02nd-Aug-2023
Dynamic Application Security Testing (DAST) is a critical cybersecurity technique used to identify and assess security vulnerabilities in web applications...

Getting Started with Cypress: Advantages, Setup, and First Test Guide
Author: neptune | 31st-Mar-2023
Cypress is a powerful and easy-to-use testing framework that can help you test your web applications more efficiently...

The Key to QA Success: Understanding How Important Grooming Is?
Author: neptune | 19th-Sep-2023
#Testing #Interview
We will delve into the importance of grooming & ceremony for QA testers, key points to highlight their significance...

View More